ZFS on Linux resilver & scrub performance tuning

Improving Scrub and Resilver performance with ZFS on Linux.

I’ve been a longtime user of ZFS, since the internal Sun beta’s of Solaris Nevada (OpenSolaris).
However, for over a year i’ve been running a single box at home to provide file storage (ZFS) and VM’s and as I work with Linux day to day, chose to do this on CentOS, using the native port of ZFS for linux.

I had a disk die last week on a 2 disk RAID-0 mirror.
Replacement was easy, however reslivering was way to slow!

After hunting for some performance tuning ideas, I came across this excellent post for Solaris/IllumOS ZFS systems and wanted to translate it for Linux ZFS users. http://broken.net/uncategorized/zfs-performance-tuning-for-scrubs-and-resilvers/

The post covers the tunable parameter names and why we are changing them, so I won’t repeat/shamelessly steal. What I will do is show that they can be set under linux just like regular kernel module parameters:

[root@ZFS ~]# ls /etc/modprobe.d/
anaconda.conf blacklist.conf blacklist-kvm.conf dist-alsa.conf dist.conf dist-oss.conf openfwwf.conf zfs.conf

[root@ZFS ~]# cat /etc/modprobe.d/zfs.conf
options zfs zfs_arc_max=2147483648 zfs_top_maxinflight=64 zfs_resilver_min_time_ms=5000 zfs_resilver_delay=0

Here you can see I have set the zfs IO limit to 64 from 32, the resilver time from 5 sec from 3 and the delay to zero. Parameters can be checked after a reboot:

cat /sys/module/zfs/parameters/zfs_resilver_min_time_ms

Result: After a reboot, my resilver speed increased from ~400KB/s to around 6.5MB/s.

I didn’t tweak anymore, it was good enough for me and had other things to get on with.

One day i’ll revisit these to see what other performance I can get out of it. (I’m aware on my box, the RAM limitation is causing me less than ‘blazing fast’ ZFS usage anyway)

Happy Pools!

[root@ZFS ~]# zpool status
pool: F43Protected state: ONLINE
scan: resilvered 134G in 2h21m with 0 errors on Tue Jun 24 01:07:12 2014

pool: F75Volatile
state: ONLINE scan: scrub repaired 0 in 5h41m with 0 errors on Tue Feb 4 03:23:39 2014



One thought on “ZFS on Linux resilver & scrub performance tuning”

  1. Didn’t improve my speeds by much, which is a shame as I’m still in the 5-600kb/s region. Confirmed these settings were active after a reboot but still taking ages. This is on Ubuntu 14.04 with a 2 x 3TB drives pool. Thanks for the info though!

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